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Профилактика сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний на предприятии: систематический обзор

https://doi.org/10.35627/2219-5238/2021-29-12-17-29

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Введение. Первичная профилактика сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний на рабочем месте может иметь значимый эффект в снижении человеческих и трудовых потерь.

Цель: обобщить и систематизировать результаты научных исследований о влиянии профилактических мероприятий, организованных на рабочем месте, для снижения риска заболеваемости сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний.

Материалы и методы. Систематический обзор научных исследований осуществлен на английском и русском языках в базах данных PubMed и Web of Science. Авторы отобрали 41 исследование, содержащее эмпирическую оценку эффективности профилактических программ на рабочем месте в краткосрочном и долгосрочном периоде. Результаты исследований систематизированы по типам интервенций.

Результаты. Образовательные программы имеют противоречивые признаки профилактического эффекта возникновения рисков ССЗ, ассоциированные с показателями крови и лишнего веса. Схожие результаты имеют комплексные программы по формированию здорового образа жизни, однако в программах, где физической активности отводилось особое внимание, наблюдается положительный эффект, проявляющийся в снижении рисков ССЗ. Программы повышения физической активности показывают значимый эффект на индикаторы, связанные с весом сотрудников, и позволяют улучшить показатели артериального давления, липопротеинов высокой плотности, общего холестерина, но эффект неустойчив во времени. Эргономические мероприятия и ротация смен не продемонстрировали надежных доказательств влияния на снижение риска ССЗ.

Заключение. Понимание эффективности профилактических программ поможет работодателям и государству определить необходимые действия для снижения ущерба, связанного с ССЗ, и принять правильные решения в области охраны здоровья и социальной защиты.

Об авторах

Ф. Г. Гарипова
Международный центр экономики, управления и политики в области здоровья, НИУ «Высшая школа экономики»
Россия

Гарипова Фарида Габдулхаевна – преподаватель департамента экономики, эксперт

ул. Кантемировская, д. 3а, г. Санкт-Петербург, 194100



А. Р. Хабибуллина
Международный центр экономики, управления и политики в области здоровья, НИУ «Высшая школа экономики»

Хабибуллина Алина Ришатовна – преподаватель департамента экономики, младший научный сотрудник

ул. Кантемировская, д. 3а, г. Санкт-Петербург, 194100



Е. А. Александрова
Международный центр экономики, управления и политики в области здоровья, НИУ «Высшая школа экономики»

Александрова Екатерина Александровна – кандидат экономических наук, доцент департамента экономики, руководитель

ул. Кантемировская, д. 3а, г. Санкт-Петербург, 194100



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Гарипова Ф.Г., Хабибуллина А.Р., Александрова Е.А. Профилактика сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний на предприятии: систематический обзор. Здоровье населения и среда обитания – ЗНиСО. 2021;1(12):17-29. https://doi.org/10.35627/2219-5238/2021-29-12-17-29

For citation:


Garipova F.G., Khabibullina A.R., Aleksandrova E.A. Workplace Interventions Aimed to Reduce the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review. Public Health and Life Environment – PH&LE. 2021;1(12):17-29. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.35627/2219-5238/2021-29-12-17-29

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ISSN 2219-5238 (Print)
ISSN 2619-0788 (Online)